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10th December 2019


seeks to grant Indian Citizenship to persons belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities

facing religious persecution in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh; who entered India on or before 31 December 2014, eligible for citizenship

The Bill relaxes the requirement of residence in India from 11 years to 6 years for these migrants

The main reasons of opposition against the bill are concerns that the demography of NE will change with influx of migrants from Bangladesh

for citizenship by naturalization is that applicant must have resided in

India during the last 12 months, and for 11 of the previous 14 years.

The bill exempts the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya,  Mizoram,

and Tripura, included in the 6th Schedule from its applicability.

These tribal areas include  Karbi Anglong in Assam, Garo Hills in

Meghalaya, Chakma district in Mizoram, & Tribal Areas district in Tripura.

It also exempted the areas regulated through the Inner Line

Permit which includes Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland

The Bill includes new provisions for cancellation the registration

of Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) such as registration through fraud

in case of OCI holder sentenced to imprisonment for 2 or more years within 5 years of registration & in necessity in interest of sovereignty and security of India

It also includes a provision on violation of any law notified by the central government.

It also adds the opportunity for the OCI holder to be heard before the cancellation

Bill excludes the religiously persecuted minorities of neighbouring nations such as Rohingyas in Myanmar and Tamils in Sri Lanka

Inclusion of only 6 specified religious minorities&exclusion of other minorities facing religious persecution, such as Ahmadiyyas in Pakistan

Constitution prohibits religious discrimination against its citizens, & guarantees all persons equality before law &equal protection of law.


is an official travel document issued by the GOI to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected area for a limited period

It is obligatory for Indian citizens from outside those states to obtain a permit for entering into the protected state.

offshoot of Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations-1873, which protected

Crown’s interest in tea, oil &elephant trade by prohibiting British subjects

The word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizen of India in 1950; it continues to be used in India, to protect tribal cultures in NE- India

States which require permit: Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland


The Bill, upon becoming Act, will ensure environment friendly recycling process of Ships and adequate safety of the yard workers

India is a leader in the global ship recycling industry with a share of over 30 per cent of the global market.

India will set global standards for safe & sound environmentally-friendly recycling of Ships, as well as ensure adequate safety of the yard workers

bill will pave the way for more global ships to enter into Indian Shipyards for recycling and boost employment and business opportunities also

Now, ships to be recycled in India will need to obtain a ‘Ready for

Recycling Certificate’ in accordance with the Hong Kong Convention


Hong Kong International Convention for the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships

a mulitateral convention adopted in 2009, which has not entered into force.

created the convention was attended by 63 countries, and overseen by the International Maritime Organization (IMO)

The convention has been designed to try to improve the health and safety of current ship breaking practices

Ship breaking -“amongst the most dangerous of occupations, with unacceptably high levels of fatalities, injuries and work-related diseases“


International Solar Alliance (ISA) is an alliance of 121 countries initiated by India, most of them being sunshine countries

The primary objective of the alliance is to work for efficient exploitation of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

Countries that do not fall within Tropics can join the alliance and enjoy all benefits as other members, with the exception of voting rights

After the United Nations, it is the largest grouping of states world-wide

Headquarters: Gwal Pahari, Gurugram, Haryana, India

December 18, 2019