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13th DECEMBER 2019

IIP SHRINKS FOR 3RD CONSECUTIVE MONTH

Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an index which shows growth rates in different industry groups of the economy in a stipulated period
The IIP index is computed and published by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) on a monthly basis.
IIP is a composite indicator that measures the growth rate of industry groups classified under;
Broad sectors, namely, Mining, Manufacturing and Electricity &Use- based sectors, namely Basic Goods, Capital Goods & Intermediate Goods
Currently IIP figures are calculated considering 2004-05 as base year.

DOHA AMENDMENT TO THE KYOTO PROTOCOL

Global leaders, including from India and China called upon parties at the Madrid climate conference to ratify the Doha Amendment
yoto Protocol commits state parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, based on the scientific consensus
Doha Amendment -changes made to the Kyoto Protocol in 2012, after the First Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol concluded
amendment adds new emission reduction targets for Second Commitment Period (2012-2020) for participating countries.
It was adopted at the eighth CoP serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) in Qatar’s capital in 2012.

60,440 MANUAL SCAVENGERS IN 17 INDIAN STATES

Eighty-three people died while cleaning sewers and septic tanks in 2019
according to a statement made by the Union Ministry of Social justice in the Rajya Sabha
The ministry also said that there were 60,440 manual scavengers in 17 Indian states.
Manual scavenging – manual removal of untreated human excreta from bucket toilets or pit latrines by hand with buckets and shovels.
officially prohibited by law in 1993 due to it being regarded as a caste- based, dehumanizing practice (if not done in a safe manner).

ERADICATION OF CHILD LABOUR

According to the 2011 census, the total number of child workers in the age group of 5-14 years was 43,53,247
children rescued / withdrawn from work, rehabilitated and mainstreamed through the National Child Labour Project scheme
rescued / withdrawn from work, rehabilitated and mainstreamed to formal education system for last 3 years was 30k, 47k and 50k respectively

BOUGAINVILLE & MATTERS TO CHINA

Bougainville has voted to become a new country, but the journey to independence is not yet over
Bougainville, a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of
Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby,
it sends a strong signal for other self-determination movements across the Pacific
Beijing’s interest in Bougainville is two-fold: 1.it is seeking to shore up diplomatic support in the region, thereby reducing support for Taiwan
second, to access to resources, namely fisheries and extractive minerals.

CARBON CAPTURE

Carbon capture involves trapping the carbon dioxide at its emission source, transporting it to a storage location and isolating it
most research focuses on carbon capture at fossil fuel-powered energy plants, the source of the majority of man-made CO2 emissions
The aim is to prevent the release of large quantities of CO2 into the atmosphere from heavy industry.
It is a potential means of mitigating the contribution to global warming and ocean acidification
CO2 captured out of air, industrial source or power plant flue gas using a variety of technologies (absorption, adsorption, chemical looping etc.,.)

December 18, 2019