WORLD YOUTH SKILLS DAY
- 15th July is marked as World Youth Skills Day.
- It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2014.
- Theme for 2020: “Skills for a Resilient Youth”.
According to UNGA, Covid-19 has led to the worldwide closure of training institutions, threatening the continuity of skills development.
- Nearly 70% of the world’s youth are affected by school closures.
- According to the Global Trends for Youth 2020 report, since 2017, there has been an upward trend in the number of youth not in employment, education or training (NEET).
- Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has released guidelines on digital education titled ‘PRAGYATA’.
- The guidelines have been prepared by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
- These are only advisory in nature and state governments can formulate their own rules, based on local needs.
- The guidelines include eight steps of online/digital learning i.e. Plan- Review- Arrange- Guide- Yak (talk)- Assign- Track- Appreciate.
- Over 25 crore students across the country have been out of school since mid-March 2020. (owing to Covid-19 pandemic).
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (UAE) MARS MISSION OR ‘HOPE
- It is the first interplanetary mission for the Arab World.
- The ‘Hope Orbiter’ will be lifted on an H-IIA rocket from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, a machinery maker in Japan. It will be launched from Tanegashima Island in Japan.
- The UAE does not have its own rocket industry.
- Once launched, it is expected to arrive in orbit around Mars in February 2021 (the year of 50th anniversary of UAE’s founding).
- It will give planetary scientists their first global view of Martian weather at all times of day.
- NASA’s Mars rover, Perseverance, with instruments to search for chemical signs of past life, is scheduled to launch on 30th July, 2020.
- China is also launching an ambitious mission to Mars, Tianwen-1.