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16th July 2020


  • 15th July is marked as World Youth Skills Day.
  • It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2014.
  • Theme for 2020: “Skills for a Resilient Youth”.
    According to UNGA, Covid-19 has led to the worldwide closure of training institutions, threatening the continuity of skills development.
  • Nearly 70% of the world’s youth are affected by school closures.
  • According to the Global Trends for Youth 2020 report, since 2017, there has been an upward trend in the number of youth not in employment, education or training (NEET).



  1. Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has released guidelines on digital education titled ‘PRAGYATA’.
  2. The guidelines have been prepared by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
  3. These are only advisory in nature and state governments can formulate their own rules, based on local needs.
  4. The guidelines include eight steps of online/digital learning i.e. Plan- Review- Arrange- Guide- Yak (talk)- Assign- Track- Appreciate.
  5. Over 25 crore students across the country have been out of school since mid-March 2020. (owing to Covid-19 pandemic).



  1. It is the first interplanetary mission for the Arab World.
  2. The ‘Hope Orbiter’ will be lifted on an H-IIA rocket from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, a machinery maker in Japan. It will be launched from Tanegashima Island in Japan.
  3. The UAE does not have its own rocket industry.
  4. Once launched, it is expected to arrive in orbit around Mars in February 2021 (the year of 50th anniversary of UAE’s founding).
  5. It will give planetary scientists their first global view of Martian weather at all times of day.
  6. NASA’s Mars rover, Perseverance, with instruments to search for chemical signs of past life, is scheduled to launch on 30th July, 2020.
  7. China is also launching an ambitious mission to Mars, Tianwen-1.
July 24, 2020