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29th NOVEMBER 2019

DEFENCE ACQUISITION COUNCIL (DAC)
The DAC is Defence Ministry’s highest decision making body for capital acquisition proposals forwarded by the Indian armed forces
It was set up in 2001 as part of the post-Kargil reforms in defence sector
It approves the long-term integrated perspective plan for the forces,
accords acceptance of necessity (AON) to begin acquisition proposals, & grant’s approval to all major deals through all their important phases
has the power to approve any deviations in an acquisition, &recommends all big capital defence purchases for approval of CCS
WATER BODIES CANNOT BE DIVERTED FOR INDUSTRIES: SC
It is illegal to allow a few to take over invaluable community resources, apex court says
India has several small and big water bodies that are spread over 70,000 sq km
dying water bodies is a major reason behind flash floods in Mumbai (2005), Uttarakhand (2013), J&K (2014) and Chennai (2015).
Despite Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017, country has failed to protect its water bodies, particularly in the urban areas
53,396 WATER BODIES IN INDIA ARE NOT IN USE
There are 5,16,303 water bodies in the rural areas of India that are being used for minor irrigation out of which, 53,396 are not in use for various reasons
reasons such as non availability of water, less and erratic rainfall siltation, salinity
according to the Fifth Minor Irrigation Census conducted by the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti.
TREE RINGS CAN PREDICT CLIMATE CHANGE
Dendrochronology -study of tree rings that hold a wealth of info about not only a tree’s past but also that of the ecosystem in which it lives.
Tree rings are layers of growth that a tree acquires in a year.
The colour of old wood is always darker than a comparatively newer wood which creates a contrasting pattern of rings year on year.
In the years of good growth, characterised by a healthy supply of resources, the ring is thick.
It is thin when the ecosystem has dearth of resources. Trees can be great records for past and recent climates
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT DECLARES CLIMATE EMERGENCY
EU should commit to net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 at the UN Conference, says Parliament.
to ensure that all relevant legislative and budgetary proposals are fully aligned with the objective of limiting global warming to under 1.5 °C.
Parliament urges the EU to submit its strategy to reach climate neutrality as soon as possible, and by 2050 at the latest
current aviation and shipping ambitions fall short of the necessary emissions reductions
All countries should include emissions from international shipping and aviation in their national contributions plans (NDCs),
BIRTH DEFECTS REMAIN HIGH IN BHOPAL GAS SURVIVORS
Birth defects remain high in Bhopal gas survivors 35 years after disaster
An unpublished ICMR report found 9 per cent newborns of gas victims had birth defects as against 1.3 per cent newborns of non-victims
Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 Dec 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal
Over 500,000 people were exposed to methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas

November 29, 2019