I. ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY, THEORIES OF LEARNING &
TEACHING APTITUDE 40 Questions
A. Adolescent Psychology (10 marks)
a. Adolescence – Nature and Characteristics- Methods of studying Adolescents – Principles of
development – Role of Heredity and Environment on development – Developmental needs –
Physiological, Intellectual, Language, Emotional and Social. Developmental tasks.
b. Problems of adolescence – Identity crisis, Underachievement, Peer Pressure, Substance Abuse,Delinquency, Health Problems, Adjustment Mechanisms – Challenges and Remedies.
c. Developmental theories – Piaget, Bruner, Freud, Erikson, Kohlberg – Special reference to adolescence- Classroom implications.
B. Theories of Learning (15 marks)
a. Nature and concept of Learning – Maturation and learning – characteristics of learning – Transfer oflearning – Classroom implications.
b. Factors affecting learning – Motivation, Intelligence, Interest, Attention, Attitude, Anxiety, Level ofaspiration, Memory, Learning Context, Content of Learning, Learner Characteristics- Teacher’srole.
c. Creativity – concept, nature, process, measurement, characteristics of creative children, relationshipbetween creativity and achievement – Fostering creativity.
d. Theories of learning : Principles of learning, contributions of Thorndike, Pavlov, Skinner, Kurt Lewin,Piaget, Bruner, Vygotsky, Ausubel, Gagne, Gestalt Psychology, Constructivist approach in learning -Classroom implications.
e. Children with special needs : Gifted, Backward, Mentally challenged, Physically Challenged, Learningdisabled – Problems and Challenges – Inclusive Education- Educational provisions.
C. Teaching Aptitude (15 marks)
a. Teaching – Nature & Objectives – Steps in Teaching, Factors affecting Teaching. Teacher
characteristics, Identification of learner needs, creating appropriate learning situations, effectiveteacher, progressive teacher, teaching styles.
b. Teacher Roles – Motivator, Facilitator, Democratic leader, Guide, Counsellor, Mentor, Social Engineer Classroom Implications.
c. Methods and Techniques of Teaching: Learner Centered Teaching Strategies, Projects, GroupDiscussion, Activity, Co-operative Learning, Seminars, Debates etc. Effective use of ICT, AV Aids,Improvisation, Tools and Techniques of Evaluation, Concept of CCE and Assessment
d. Classroom Management, Skills in Planning and Implementation, Decision Making, Positive Feedback.
e. Personality of the Teacher – Emotional Maturity, Balanced Personality, Attitude, Values andProfessional Ethics.
f. Understanding teaching and learning in the context of NCF 2005, KCF 2007 and right to educationact 200
1. അവധാരണം(ഗദ്യം) (അഞ്ച് ബഹുവികല്പ ചോദ്യങ്ങള്ക്ക് 5 മാര്ക്ക്)
• വിശകലനം ചെയ്യല്
• ആശയങ്ങളുടെ പരസ്പരബന്ധംകണ്ടെത്തല്
2. അവധാരണം(പദ്യം) (അഞ്ച് ബഹുവികല്പ ചോദ്യങ്ങള്ക്ക് 5 മാര്ക്ക്)
• വിശകലനം ചെയ്യല്
• ആശയങ്ങളുടെ പരസ്പരബന്ധംകണ്ടെത്തല്
• അസ്വാദനാംശങ്ങള് കണ്ടെത്തല്
3. ആശയവിനിമയം (പത്ത് ബഹുവികല്പ ചോദ്യങ്ങള്ക്ക് 10 മാര്ക്ക്)
• അര്ത്ഥബോധത്തോടെയുള്ള പദപ്രയോഗം
• സാന്ദര്ഭികമായുംതെറ്റുകൂടാതെയും ഭാഷ പ്രയോഗിക്കാനുള്ള കഴിവ്
4. ഭാഷാജ്ഞാനം (പത്ത് ബഹുവികല്പ ചോദ്യങ്ങള്ക്ക് 10 മാര്ക്ക്)
• ശൈലികള്, പഴഞ്ചൊല്ലുകള്, പ്രയോഗങ്ങള് എന്നിവ അര്ത്ഥബോധത്തോടെ ഉചിതമായി പ്രയോഗിക്കാനുള്ള
B. ENGLISH 30 Questions
1. Comprehension 10 Marks
2. Elements of Language 10 Marks
3. Communication 10 Marks
a) Two passages – discursive/literary/narrative/scientific, with questions on testing comprehension
b) Elements of Language
Antonym, Synonym, foreign words, confused words, one word substitution – spelling
Sentence structure – Phrases – Clause – Transformation of Sentences – Tense – Concord -Prepositions – passivisation – Reporting.
3. Communicative functions:
Asking for something, seeking permission etc.,
Dialogue writing – Contracted forms: I’d, I’ll, we’ll etc.,
Spoken and written forms of communication
III. PHYSICAL SCIENCE 80 Questions
- A PHYSICS (25 questions)
1. Wave motion :
Transverse and longitudinal waves, propagation of wave, medium dependence. Sound – loudness, frequency,
wavelength, pitch, reflection and refraction of sound waves, echo, beats, Doppler effect, reverberation,
SONAR, sound pollution, resonance and musical instruments.
2. Light :
Reflection – plane mirror, spherical mirror, multiple reflection, image formation by spherical mirrors and
its applications. Refraction : Optical density, total internal reflection and applications. Ray diagram and
image formation by lens, lens equation, microscopes, telescope, camera, human eye and common defects
of eye and its remedy. Dispersion of light, scattering of light, rainbow, Newton’s Disc, colour of sky, cloud,snow. Primary colours, secondary colours – complementary colours.
3. Force and pressure :
Thrust, atmospheric pressure, Pascal’s law, Archimedes principle, surface tension and capillarity.
4. Heat :
Temperature and temperature scales, modes of heat transmission, boiling, melting, Specific heat capacity,latent heat, regulation
5. Motion :
Displacement, velocity, acceleration, equations of motion, graphs of s-t, v-t and their relevance. Circular
motion, centripetal acceleration, angular speed, momentum, Newton’s law of motion, law of conservation
of momentum. Recoil of gun, action – reaction pairs. Centre of gravity, banking of curve.
6. Gravitation :
Mass and weight, universal law of gravitation, acceleration due to gravity and factors affecting it, Solar
system, orbits, planets, satellite, escape velocity, space exploration and weightlessness in space. Galaxies,
stars, big bang, clusters, nebula, Super Nova, solar and lunar eclipse.
7. Work and Energy :
Conventional and Non-conventional sources of energy, forms of energy – heat, light, sound, mechanical,
nuclear energy, mass energy. Law of conservation of energy.
8. Electricity and Magnetism
Natural and artificial magnets, different types of magnets and their properties, magnetic field lines or lines of force. Earth and its magnetism. Magnetic induction, magnetic properties of matter – para, dia and ferro magnetic materials. Static electric properties, electroscopes, electro static induction, methods of charging, lightning and lightning conductors, earthing, current electricity, electric potential, Ohm’s law, resistance, conductance, resistivity, conductivity, factors affecting resistance. Resistance in series, parallel, use of voltmeter, galvanometer, ammeter, rheostat, Joule’s law of heating.
9. Effects of current and Electromagnetic Induction
Electrolysis, voltameter, Faraday’s law of electrolysis, chemical cells, solenoids, electromagnets,
electromagnetic induction, AC, DC Generators, electric motors, transmission of AC, self induction, mutualinduction, transformers, moving coil microphones, loud speaker.
Conductors, insulators, semi conductors, doping, different types of diodes and applications, transistor and its applications, ICs.
B. CHEMISTRY (25 questions)
1. Physical changes and Chemical changes :
Exothermic and endothermic reactions, electrolysis of water, energy changes in chemical reactions,
2. Atoms and Molecules
Basic concepts, structure of atom , sub atomic particles – electrons, protons and neutrons,Rutherford’s
gold foil experiment, Atom models, Rutherford’s atom model, Bohr model of atom, electron shell model,
stability and electronic configuration
Properties – metallic luster, malleability, ductility, conducting property, sonority, corrosion – factors responsiblefor corrosion, prevention of corrosion, reactions of metals with water, air and acids, Displacement reactionsof metals, reactivity series, iron – historical background, extraction using blast furnace, extraction ofaluminium from bauxite
Definition, components of a solution, water as universal solvent, suspensions, concentration of a solution,
solubility, super saturated solution
Definition, properties, artificial drinks, chemicals used in soft drinks
6. Nature of matter
Three states of matter and their characteristic properties, surface tension,cohesive force and adhesive
force, capillarity, capillarity rise and capillarity dip, applications of surface tension and capillarity.
7. Separation of Mixtures
Classification of matter, mixtures and pure substances, homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures, methodsof separation of mixtures – filtration, sedimentation, decantation, centrifugation, distillation, fractionaldistillation, differential extraction using separating funnel, chromatography.
8. Periodic table and chemical bonding
Early attempts of classification of elements, Mendeleev’s periodic table, periodic law, merits and demerits. Modern periodic table – Moseley’s periodic law, nature of elements and electronic structure, valency, representative elements, transition elements, sub shell electronic configuration, classification of elements into blocks (s, p, d & f) and their characteristics.
Periodic trends in properties of elements – Atomic size, number of shells, number of valence electrons,
electro negativity, ionisation energy, electro positivity, metallic and non-metallic character
10. Chemical bonding
Octet rule, ionic bond and covalent bond, valency and electro negativity, difference in the formation of
compounds, comparison of the properties of ionic compounds and covalent compounds, representation of chemical reactions using chemical formula and chemical equation.
Non metals in food, water and air, reaction of non-metals with oxygenOxygen- Allotropes of oxygen, methods of preparation, uses of oxygen, respiration,
combustion and photo synthesisNitrogen- Position in periodic table, inert nature of nitrogen, nitrogen fixation, nitrogenousfertilizers – merits and demeritsAmmonia- Laboratory preparation, manufacture of ammonia by Haber process, nitrogen cycleHydrogen- Properties, methods of preparation, hydrogen as future fuel-merits and demeritsChlorine- Position in periodic table, properties, bleaching actionHydrogen chloride – Laboratory preparation, properties, environmental problems of chlorine compoundsCarbon- Unique nature, allotropes, important compounds, carbon cycle, green house effect,
- A PHYSICS (25 questions)
- Organic compounds
Classification, catenation, tetra covalency of carbon
13. Acids and Alkalies
Constituents of soil and plant growth, acidity of soil, properties of acids, pH, Properties of alkalies,
neutralisation, properties of salts – their naming and importance, fertilizers – merits and demerits
14. Gas Laws
Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, Combined gas equation, Avogadro’s law
15. Chemical reactions and Mole concept
Factors influencing rate of reaction – concentration, surface area, temperature and presence of catalyst.
Mole Concept -Atomic mass and molecular mass, Avogadro’s law and mole concept, gram atom and
gram molecule, mole concept and balanced chemical equations
C. PEDAGOGY (30 questions)
• Science and its development in India – Science teaching as a process – product and contributions of
eminent Indian scientists – developing scientific attitude.
• Aims and objectives of teaching Physical Science
– Objectives of science teaching as envisaged in National Curriculum Framework (2005) – Values
(practical, disciplinary, recreational etc) to be attained.
– Taxonomy of educational objectives – Bloom, Yager – science process skills – developmental
• Theoretical basis of science teaching and learning.
– Cognitive theories – Piaget, Bruner, Gagne – constructivist learning – Vygotsky, generating
knowledge – experiential learning – scope and limitation – reflection – a basic process from
learning experience – problem based learning.
• Planning science teaching and learning, unit plan, lesson plan – strengthening instruction by means of
A-V aids, video lessons and computer assisted lessons.
• Models of teaching – characteristics – science process models, information processing models –
concept attainment model, inquiry training model, constructivist model.
• Methods and strategies for teaching and learning Physical Science – direct and indirect, inductive,
deductive, guided discovery, enquiry, investigatory and constructivist methods of instruction – scientific
• Approaches – integrated, interdisciplinary, environmental, problem solving and scientific process
approach – behaviorist approach and constructivist approach.
• Science curriculum – modern trends in curriculum construction – concept of correlation – features of
a science textbook. Workbook for pupils and handbook for teachers.
• Role of science laboratories, libraries, science clubs, science museums, fairs etc in promoting science
• Tools and Techniques of evaluation in science learning – objective based – formative, summative,
continuous and comprehensive evaluation, achievement tests – construction and administration –
diagnostic testing, remedial teaching – objective type tests – advantages, new trends in evaluation
grading, question bank.
• Professional development of teachers, strategies.
- Organic compounds Classification, catenation, tetra covalency of carbon